Cyber Security

What is Cyber Security?

Cyber security, also known as computer security or IT security, refers to the practices and technologies designed to protect digital information and systems from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, or destruction. It involves a wide range of activities aimed at ensuring the confidentiality, integrity, and availability (CIA) of an organization's digital assets.

Cyber security threats can come in various forms, including:

  1. Malware: malicious software such as viruses, worms, Trojan horses, and spyware.
  2. Phishing: fraudulent attempts to obtain sensitive information such as passwords or credit card numbers.
  3. Ransomware: malware that encrypts files and demands payment for decryption.
  4. Denial of Service (DoS) and Distributed DoS (DDoS) attacks: attempts to overwhelm a system with traffic, making it unavailable.
  5. Insider threats: malicious activities by authorized individuals within an organization.
  6. Social engineering: manipulating individuals into revealing sensitive information or performing certain actions.

To counter these threats, cyber security measures include:

  1. Firewalls: network barriers that control incoming and outgoing internet traffic based on predetermined security rules.
  2. Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS) and Intrusion Prevention Systems (IPS): monitoring and blocking malicious traffic.
  3. Encryption: protecting data in transit or at rest using algorithms such as SSL/TLS, AES, and PGP.
  4. Authentication and Authorization: verifying user identities and granting access to resources based on role-based access control (RBAC).
  5. Patch Management: regularly updating software and systems to fix vulnerabilities.
  6. Incident Response: having a plan in place for responding quickly and effectively in the event of a security breach.
  7. Secure Coding Practices: writing code that is secure, maintainable, and follows best practices.
  8. Network Segmentation: dividing networks into smaller segments to limit the spread of malware.

Cyber security is critical because it:

  1. Protects sensitive information: such as financial data, personal identifiable information (PII), and intellectual property.
  2. Prevents business disruption: by ensuring the availability of systems and services.
  3. Preserves reputation: by demonstrating a commitment to protecting customer trust.
  4. Complies with regulations: such as GDPR, HIPAA, and PCI-DSS.

In summary, cyber security is an essential aspect of modern computing, aimed at safeguarding digital information and systems from various threats and ensuring the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of an organization's assets.

  • ops/cyber_security.txt
  • Last modified: 2024/06/19 15:37
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