Scalable Vector Graphic (SVG)

SVG stands for Scalable Vector Graphics and define vector-based graphics in XML format.

Snippet from Wikipedia: Scalable Vector Graphics

Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) is an Extensible Markup Language (XML)-based vector image format for two-dimensional graphics with support for interactivity and animation. The SVG specification is an open standard developed by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) since 1999.

SVG images and their behaviors are defined in XML text files. This means that they can be searched, indexed, scripted, and compressed. As XML files, SVG images can be created and edited with any text editor, as well as with drawing software. The Arabic Unicode programmer and calligrapher, Thomas Milo credits the adoption of SVG by Wikipedia as the reason why the compact imaging technology gained popularity.

All major modern web browsers—including Mozilla Firefox, Internet Explorer, Google Chrome, Opera, Safari, and Microsoft Edge—have SVG rendering support.